L is for Las Vegas



Labouchere System. {PBS} Named after Henry Labouchere. Also known as the cancellation or Labby system. Example: We start by defining an amount to win… say $10.  We start with the numbers 1 2 3 4 which add up to 10. First bet is the sum of the outside numbers (5). If this bet wins then the next bet is 2 since we cross out the 1 and 4. If the first bet loses then the series becomes 1 2 3 4 5 and our next bet is 7. All progression type blackjack systems are not recommended unless you are using them for cover.
[ 79 Ainslie How to Gamble in a Casino 72 ] [ WIKIPEDIA ] [ 78 C&S Vol 3, 32 ]

Labouchere System for Gambling Tested and Analysis

Lake Tahoe. Region near Reno, Nevada with several major casinos and renowned for its beautiful scenery, skiing, and blackjack tables. Lake Tahoe is 22 miles long and lies on the California/Nevada boundary. Blackjack rules are similar to Reno. Casinos are located at Stateline, Crystal Bay and in Incline Village. See Carson City.

Lake Tahoe Rules  Archived Rules

Welcome to Las VegasLas Vegas. The city with the largest concentration of legalized gambling in the world. With a population of about 665,811 (2024) it used to be one of the most popular places to play casino blackjack. Located in southeast Nevada, this city had consistently had some of the best opportunities for blackjack players in the USA.  However, since the proliferation of the 6:5  rule many players are looking elsewhere.  See Las Vegas Strip.  See Nevada.
[ vegasclick.com ] [ qfit.com ]

YieldAccording to the Blackjack Weather Center , as of February 2018, 38% of blackjack games in Las Vegas were 6:5 and in 94% of the tables the dealer hit-soft 17.  This, in the opinion of the author of this book, makes Las Vegas the “worst” state in the USA to currently play blackjack at lower limits (i.e., <$25 minimum tables).  Beginning in March 2018, Pi Yee PressCurrent Blackjack News reported “We no longer list 6:5 and most other carnival games“.

Worst Tourist Traps in Las Vegas

Las Vegas RulesArchived Rules Also referred to as Downtown Rules. Phrase once used to distinguish blackjack rules from the Las Vegas “Strip”.  It used to be that in Downtown Las Vegas, dealers hit soft-17 whereas on the Strip, dealers stood on soft-17. Today, most casinos in Nevada have dealers hit soft-17.
[12/90 Wong Instant Update CBN] [ qfit.com ]

Blackjack FAQFrequently Asked Question
What is meant by the term “Las Vegas Rules”?

Las Vegas “Strip” Rules. Archived Rules Typically defined as the following and to distinguish from Downtown Rules or Las Vegas Rules:

  • Double on any first two cards.
  • Dealer stands on soft-17*.
  • Double after Splits (DAS) not allowed.*
  • Pair splitting up to 4 hands.
  • No re-splitting of aces.

Today, most large casinos in Las Vegas offer DAS in their multi-deck games, however, most dealers now hit soft-17.  In addition, the following rules are offered and should be assumed for other casinos around the world unless otherwise indicated:

  • Insurance allowed.
  • Dealer does not peek under tens.
  • Split aces receive one card only.
  • All multi-deck games are face up and are dealt from a shoe.
  • All single/double-deck games are face down and are hand dealt.

[ 9/90 Wong Instant Update CBN ] [ 90 Snyder Blackjack Forum ] [ qfit.com ]

YieldThese terms are for historical significance only.  It appears that the trend is for rules that are worse for the player.  Good examples of this are that most casinos are now hitting soft-17 and blackjack payoffs are often only 6:5.  We can live with dealers hitting soft-17 but we should all protest and not play games with 6:5 rules.
Las Vegas 2018 - Looking South from Caesars
Looking South from the Las Vegas Caesars cross-over (April 2018)
Las Vegas 2018 looking North from Caesars
Looking North from the Las Vegas Caesars cross-over (April 2018)

Las Vegas Strip. (LVS) The string of casinos along Las Vegas Blvd. South in Las Vegas, Nevada where most of the large luxury hotels and casinos are located. This area extends approximately 4 miles south of downtown Las Vegas.  The blackjack table real estate of the Las Vegas Strip has shifted remarkably since the 1980s.  As an example, gaming pits devoted almost 80% to blackjack tables in 1985, whereas in 2017, it had dropped to less than 50%.
[ gaming.unlv.edu ]

Las Vegas Blackjack Tables TrendLas Vegas blackjack table decline over the years! 
From: UNLV Center for Gaming Research

late surrender. See surrender. See Late Surrender Basic Strategy.

Laughlin. City in southern Nevada’s Mohave Desert along the Colorado River with several major hotels and casinos. In 1990, Laughlin had become the nation’s fourth largest gaming market as compared to Las Vegas, Reno / Sparks, and Atlantic City.
[ 6/88, 7/90 Blackjack Confidential ] [ 12/90 Saito Laughlin BJC ]

Laughlin Rules  Archived Rules

Click Me!lawsuit.  A casino that uses force to back room a player is opening themselves up to a lawsuit for false arrest, false imprisonment and other charges if it is found no cheating was involved.  Using your brain is NOT cheating.  Card counters simply use their brain when they play. See lawyer.

lawyer. Need a lawyer?  Better call Bob or Bob.  Tell them BJRNET sent you.  See back room.
[ Blackjack History Database: Legal ]

lay and pay. The dealing method of turning over player’s cards, paying or taking bets, and then gathering up all the used cards at the same time. Lay and pay is the style of dealing most prevalent in Las Vegas, Atlantic City and most other locations in the U.S.A. See pick and pay.

Taj Mahal Blackjack Layout

layout. The diagram on a blackjack table, usually green in color with white imprinting. The casino’s logo and/or name is also usually imprinted. Occasionally you will see tables with other colors. The most distinguishing layout difference is when the rules require the dealer to stand on soft 17 (e.g., Las Vegas Strip) versus rules that require dealers to hit soft 17 (e.g., Northern Nevada). Other layouts exist such as the Over/Under 13 games and in Europe unusual layouts can be found. In addition, the rules for how the dealer will pay off blackjacks (e.g., 3 to 2) and insurance bets (e.g., 2 to 1) are also typically shown. See figure.
[ PHOTO CREDIT: Taj Mahal Atlantic City, New Jersey: Typical Table Layout ]

leak. A dealer weakness, such as exposing a hole-card or overpaying the bettor.
[ 81 Uston Million Dollar Blackjack 319 ]

Leib, John Edwin.  (July 30, 1928 – Nov 11, 1996) A frequent contributor to Arnold Snyder’s Blackjack Forum and proposed what is referred to as the Leib Criterion. Bryce Carlson has called Leib the “mischievous curmudgeon of Blackjack Forum“. Leib was a WWII Veteran and had a BS from the University of Michigan and MS from Cal Tech University.  Leib was an aerospace engineer at General Dynamics/Convair for 31 years.  John Leib passed away in 1996, from an apparent heart attack.  He was only 68.
[ 97 In Memory of John Leib BJR 6.1 ] [ San Diego Union-Tribune Obituary ]

Leib Criterion. (John Leib) (1993) An alternative bet sizing criterion proposed by John Leib that suggests that players with non-fixed bankrolls (i.e., most recreational players) are better off sizing their bets on the bankroll on hand and not on what the Kelly Criterion suggests.
[ 9/93 Leib What’s a Kelly Man to Do? BJF 31 ] [ ARCHIVE: blackjackforumonline.com ]

leptokurtosis. See kurtosis.

Let It Ride - BlackjackLet It Ride Blackjack.  (c2014?) A blackjack side bet from Bally Technologies.  According to their literature: … This optional side bet for blackjack gets its base from poker. The object of the side bet is to get one of the following 2-card starting hands: Pair, Flush or Straight.  If players start with one of these hands, they may take the proceeds or let them ride by adding the win to their standard blackjack wager.  To start, players make a standard blackjack wager. They may also make the Let it Ride wager for any amount within the posted limits.They will then get their first two cards.  If a player’s Let it Ride bet wins, they may collect the proceeds (winnings and original bet) or they may add them to their standard blackjack wager.
[ sggaming.com ] [ INSTRUCTION CARD ]

LeVasseur, Dick. See Multiple-Action blackjack.

level. As in a level 1 system. Level n typically refers to a card counting system with a maximum point count for a card of n. (e.g., The Hi-Lo count would be considered a level 1 system, whereas the Zen count would be considered a level 2 system.)

Lightning Blackjack. (c2020?) A blackjack variant from Evolution Gaming, a provider of online live dealer games.  In addition to your main bet, you must pay a fee equal to your main bet.  If you win, then a multiplier will be earned for the subsequent hand — similar to the way Ultimate X Poker does it. [HA ~ ???]
[ wizardofodds.com ] [ Evolution Gaming ]

like-card clumping. What generally happens as a result of insufficient shuffling procedures. See clumping.

Lima{PCS/L1} (2001) (John May ??) An unbalanced counting system primarily designed to improve your play of the hands.  Notice that ten-valued cards are not counted at all.
[ 36 May Get the Edge at Blackjack 36, 38 ] [ ARCHIVE: groups.yahoo.com ]

 A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
-1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0

BC = .82 PE = .27 IC = .34

Limet. (c1980) A blackjack gimmick offered by the Las Vegas Aladdin Casino in early 1980. One game of Limet consisted of 11 rounds. All players buy-in with a fixed amount and put another 20% of the buy-in into a side pot. After 11 rounds, whoever had the most money left won the side pot. Sounds like a mini-mini tournament to me!
[ 5,7/80 Wong Limet at Aladdin NBJ 82,118 ]

limit. As in betting limit. The maximum or minimum bet amount that can be wagered by one person. Typical casino betting limits range from $1 (Downtown Las Vegas) to several thousand dollars at major Strip casinos in Las Vegas and Atlantic City.

live. See George.

LL. See Lucky Ladies.

loader. See front loader.

Lobsenz, Louis.  See Ian Andersen.

location betting. See location play.

location play. {STS} Also called card location, ace trackingsteering, location betting, key-carding,  or sequencing / sequence tracking.  An advanced shuffle tracking technique which involves memorizing a sequence of key cards during play in order to track a rich segment through a shuffle.  See SAL.
[ 90 Zender Card Counting for the Casino Executive 92 ] [ 93 Dalton Non-Counting Methods to Beat the Game BJR 13 ]

Loeb, Robert A. (aka Bob) Co-author of Blackjack and the Law.  A criminal defense lawyer located in Chicago, IL.  Experienced in gambling law and has represented advantage players on criminal charges and in disputes with casinos throughout the United States.  Interviewed several times on the Gambling with an Edge podcast.  A previous nominee for the Blackjack Hall of Fame.
[ PODCASTS: Dec 9, 2011, May 5, 2015, Jun 30, 2015 ] [ RobertLoeb.com ]

Robert A. Loeb

London, Rusty Kent.  See Ian Andersen.

Lone Wolf. An American card counter who goes by the name “Lone Wolf”.  Interviewed on the Gambling with an Edge podcast.
[ PODCAST: Apr 19, 2018 ]

Long, George. (1933? – Dec ?, 2022) A long-time professional blackjack player and road warrior, acknowledged at the 2023 Blackjack Ball by Max Rubin.
[ Reference TBD ]

long-run. The period of time a player must wait before he can expect to see the results of theoretical play. Usually meant to refer to thousands of hours of play.  See short run.
[ 9/90 Snyder Waiting for the Long-Run BJF 3 ]

long-run strategy. A strategy used to optimize a player’s chances of winning based on the actual theoretical advantage a player has in a game. This is what we all strive for when we play any game with a positive expectation.

Click Me!lose. As in to lose a hand. For a typical shoe game, a basic strategy player will lose 48.0% of hands. An interesting question that many players ask is how often do you lose N number of hands in a row in blackjack.  The answer is .48^N for N hands.  So, the probability of losing 6 hands in a row are .48 * .48 * .48 * .48 * .48 * .48 = .01223 or approximately 1.22%.  See winSee push.
[ blackjackinfo.com ] [ Blackjack History Database: Losses ]

Misplaying  hands is one of the easiest ways to lose 🙂 Austin Powers

loss rebate
. aka “Discount on Loss (DOL)”. A promotion or offer from a casino that rebates you money or free play when you have taken a loss at a casino game.  Loss rebates can often have a fundamental flaw that exposes them to advantage play. See Don Johnson.  See matchplay.   See rebate zone.
[ 2015 Jacobson Advanced Advantage Play ] [ wizardofodds.com ] [ wizardofodds.com ] [ apheat.net ]
[ apheat.net ] [ bjinsider.com ] [ 21 Snyder Radical Blackjack 95 ]

Colin and Ben from Blackjack Apprenticeship Describe Loss Rebates

Big Deal Blackjack - Florida Lottery 1999lottery scratch-offs.  Many states that do not have legalized casino gambling have state-run gambling in the form of scratch-off games.  An example of a “blackjack theme” lottery scratch-off is shown in the right image.  This image is from a 1999 lottery in the state of Florida.

Louisiana. This state was approved for riverboat casino gambling in 1994. Also, one land-based casino had been approved for New Orleans in 1994. In 2016, the state of Louisiana had 19 casinos with over 500 blackjack tables. See riverboat gambling.
[ qfit.com ]

Louisiana Rules  Archived Rules

low card. Typically a reference to a 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6-valued card. See high card.

low card clumping. When low cards clump together. See clumping.

LS. Acronym for late surrender.  See surrender.

LT. Acronym for Lake Tahoe.

Lucky Me!luck. As in good luck or bad luck. More technically referred to as the standard deviation. Due to the fact that most recreational players play only a relatively small number of hands per trip, what is often referred to as luck does play a major role in the final outcome of whether a player ends up a winner or a loser. As one continues to play over a lifetime, luck becomes less important and the probabilities of the game will begin to show. Proponents of short-run strategies are just fooling themselves into thinking they can outsmart long-run probabilities.
[ 888casino.com ]

John L. LuckmanLuckman, John L. (Sep 29, 1924 – Nov 6, 1987) aka Walter I. Nolan. Along with his late wife Edna, founded the Gambler’s Book Club in Las Vegas in 1964.  John passed away in 1987, after a long illness.
[ Las Vegas Advisor ]

Luckman, Edna E. (Jan 5, 1923 – Dec 3, 2002) Along with her late husband John, founded the Gambler’s Book Club in Las Vegas in 1964.
[ Las Vegas Sun ]

YieldThe Luckmans played a major role in convincing casinos that such books gave people, who ordinarily just stood around watching and feeling intimidated, a feeling of empowerment to sit down and play the games” – Howard Schwartz

The Luckmans published more than 130 books on gambling.

Lucky 13s BlackjackLucky 13s Blackjack. (c2014) A blackjack variation which includes an altered deck with four 11s, 12s and 13s added to each deck.  Rules are mostly the same as regular blackjack.  In this game, the dealer “stands” on a hard 16 and a soft 17.  Aces may be re-split.  Two side-bets are offered.  One is called the Protection Bet (HA ~ 8.45%), which protects the player from busting on their first two cards (e.g., a hand of 11 and 12).  The other is a Pairs Bet (HA ~ 5.88%), which pays on player pairs.  (HA ~ 1.32% on base game).
[ wizardofodds.com ]

Lucky BlackjackLucky Blackjack. (c2014) A blackjack variant at internet casinos using Playtech software.  A single 52-card deck is used.  The player makes bets that his final hand will be 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, blackjack or bust. (HA ~ 3.36% to 14.92%)
[ wizardofodds.com ]

lucky buck. A casino term referring to a gaming coupon. Low stacks players can often find 2 for 1 ($2 paid with a $1 bet) or 3 for 2 ($3 paid with a $2 bet) lucky buck coupons in casino funbooks. These coupons are issued by casinos as an enticement to gamble and are generally restricted to minimum bet even money table games. More often than not, lucky bucks can be obtained only by players with out-of-town identification. See matchplay.

Lucky Cat BlackjackLucky Cat Blackjack. (c2019) Invented by Geoff Hall.  In this blackjack variation, if the dealer draws to 22, then four special Lucky Cat dice are rolled.  Players get paid multiple odds depending on the Lucky Cat dice that are rolled.  In another version of this game, if the dealer busts on any total, three Lucky Cat dice are rolled. (HA ~ 1.94%)
[ wizardofodds.com ]

Lucky Charlie. (c2020?) A blackjack side-bet in electronic blackjack games.  This side-bet can presumably be played without making a main blackjack wager.
[ wizardofodds.com ]

Lucky Ladies. (LL) (c2000) A blackjack side-bet believed to have started in Washington State.  There is also a progressive version called Bonus Lucky Ladies. Stanford Wong’s Current Blackjack News listed four varieties that payoff as follows:

  • LL6: 3/6/9/25/250 for any 20/suited20/matched 20/Q-Q/Q-Q and dealer BJ
  • LL7: 3/7/9/25/400 for any 20/suited20/matched 20/Q-Q/Q-Q and dealer BJ
  • LL9: 4/9/19/125/1000 for any 20/suited 20/matched 20/Qh-Qh/Qh-Qh and dealer BJ
  • LL10: 4/10/25/200/1000 for any 20/suited 20/matched 20/Qh-Qh/Qh-Qh and dealer BJ

[ wizardofodds.com ] [ 888casino.com ] [ 888casino.com ] [ 888casino.com ] [ Wong CBN ]

Lucky Lucky.  (LL)  (c2010) A blackjack side bet based on the player’s first two cards and the dealer’s up card.   Player wins based on a payout chart.  (HA ~ 3% – 12.5%)
[ 888casino.com ] [ 888casino.com ] [ wizardofodds.com ] [ discountgambling.net ]

Lucky, Mr Winner of the 2003 “Blackjack Cup” at Max Rubin’s annual Blackjack Ball.  According to Rubin, “A world-class traveler and multi-millionaire who’s liberated chips from casinos on every habitable continent, he started his professional gambling career at the ripe age of 21…
[ maxrubin.com ]

Lucky Stiff BlackjackLucky Stiff Blackjack. (c2013) A blackjack side-bet that pays when the play is dealt a hard 12 to 16 and then subsequently wins.  Side-bet pays 5 to 1.  Other rules and pay schedules may apply. (HA ~ 4.07%)
[ wizardofodds.com ] [ discountgambling.net ]

Luthor, Lex.  Author of the article How to “Hack” BlackJack in Phrack Magazine in 1993.  Lex makes at interested comment in part 2 of the article: “Card Counting? Don’t you have to be some sort of mathematical genius or have a photographic memory to count cards? No, these are as mythical as that 415-BUG-1111 ‘trace detector’ number posted on all those old hacker BBSes.

LV. Acronym for Las Vegas.

LVA. Acronym for the Anthony CurtisLas Vegas Advisor newsletter.   See HP.

Barfarkel / LV ProLV Pro. A pseudonym for a player we know as Barfarkel.  LV Pro documented four years as an advantage player in Las Vegas and Reno circa 2000-2007, in Blackjack Insider magazine and the book You’ve Got Heat.
[ BJInsider: LV Pro Trip Report 2003 ]

LVS. Acronym for Las Vegas Strip.

LV Tournament Pro. According to Blackjack Insider Newsletter in 2006, it was written, “LV Tournament Pro is the pseudonym of a skilled advantage blackjack player and an experienced tournament player who has won over $400,000 playing blackjack tournaments. He competed in the World Series of Blackjack in 2005 and also finished first in a monthly qualifier in the Las Vegas Hilton’s Million Dollar Blackjack Tournament. He was also selected to play in the Ultimate Blackjack Tour, which pitted the top blackjack players against the top poker players in a unique blackjack tournament that will air on TV in 2006. His peers consider him to be one of the strongest blackjack tournament players.”  Additional information TBD.
[ Blackjack Insider ]


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