G … is for Griffin

Previous PageNext PageTHE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CASINO TWENTY-ONE
# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ

G. Common acronym for good penetration.

Gambler’s Anonymous. An organization founded in 1957 designed to help compulsive gamblers and fashioned after Alcoholics Anonymous. The reader is encouraged to contact this organization if you ever find yourself unable to cope with gambling. Compulsive gambling is a hidden and progressive illness and should be treated as so. Write PO BOX 17173, Los Angeles, CA 90017 or call (626) 960-3500.
[ http://www.gamblersanonymous.org/ ]
[86 Mannuzza Understanding Blackjack 89]
[8/91 Good …9 Warning Signs… WIN 58]

Gambler's Book ClubGambler’s Book Club. (GBC) One of the oldest gambling book stores in Las Vegas. Also known as the Gambler’s Book Shop. John and Edna Luckman founded the GBC in their home in 1964, as a hobby.  Since then, and for 45 years, the GBC could be found on Charleston and 11th in Downtown Las Vegas.  Practically every Las Vegas card counter (or wanna-be card counter) has visited this establishment over the years. In 2014, Avery Cardoza purchased the Gambler’s Book Club/Shop and merged with the Gambler’s General Store in Downtown Las Vegas.  See Howard Schwartz.
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gambler%27s_Book_Shop_/_GBC_Press ]
[ http://www.gamingtoday.com/articles/article/45465-Expect_to_see_the_Gamblers_Book_Club_re_energized ]

Gambler’s Book Shop . (GBS) See Gambler’s Book Club.

Gambler’s Choice. (GC) (c1992) ??? A game option that was available in one or more Northern Nevada casinos.

gambler’s ruin. A classic probability problem that asks the following questions: What is the probability that a gambler is ruined and what is the expected duration of the game? Allan Wilson presents the following equation that estimates one’s ruin probability for a bankroll of a units when one is trying to double his bank:

r = 1 / (1 + sa)

where

  • r = ruin probability
  • a = starting number of units in bank
  • s = p/q = success ratio
  • p = probability of winning
  • q = 1-p = probability of losing

For example, if a player has a 1 percent advantage1)For the sake of this example: For a 1% advantage, we use p=50.5%=.505 and q=49.5%=.495 in a game and plays with 20 units he would have a ruin probability of .40 or 40%. This, of course, assumes that the player enjoys the same advantage on each hand and makes the same unit bet. An accurate measure of ruin is more complicated since in the game of blackjack a player’s advantage changes with each hand and bet size also changes as a function of expectation. In addition, double down and split hand plays are not accounted for by the equation. See element of ruin. See Kelly Criterion.  See risk of ruin.
[ 63 Adler Probability & Statistics… 207 ]
[ 68 Moran An Intro. to Probability… 127 ]
[ 70 Wilson The Casino Gambler’s Guide Chap.17, App.C ]
[ 80 Dubey No Need to Count 193 ]
[ 81 Griffin G.R. Formulas for Non-Unit… Vol.17,57 ]
[ 8/81 Wong Blackjack World Vol.3,135 ]
[ 87 Humble World’s Greatest Blackjack Book 202 ]
[ 88 Malmuth Blackjack Essays 29 ]
[ 9/88 George C. The Ruin Formula BJF 10 ]
[ 12/88 Letter Mason Malmuth, BJF 45 ]
[ 89 George C. How to Win $1 Million Playing Blackjack ]
[ 3/93 Schlesinger Risk of Ruin BJF 3 ]
[ https://www.card-counting.com/blackjack-calculators.htm ]
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gambler%27s_ruin ]
[ http://www.bjstrat.net/ror.html ]

gambling. What card counters and advantage players try to minimize!

game. A reference to any game played in a casino including roulette, craps, baccarat, blackjack, etc.

game control. Actions made by a dealer or casino personnel to control the casino’s bankroll. Card counters often refer to some of these measures as heat. Game control measures can include:

  • Shuffling up (Reshuffling or breaking the deck)
  • Backing off
  • Stripping (see Strip Shuffle)
  • Poor penetration
  • Speeding up the game
  • Slowing down the game
  • Changing the dealer
  • Poor treatment at table
  • Asking player to leave (barring or being read the Trespass Act)

[79 Valliere Does a Casino Have the… C&S Vol.8,38]

GameMaster. See Bill Channels.

Gates, Robert. Publisher of the Blackjack Monthly newsletter from from 1987 – 199?.  Provided good reporting of blackjack conditions in Nevada and Atlantic City and was very useful for lower stakes players of this era. This traditional style blackjack newsletter also included monthly articles and information on gaining an edge in this game.

GBC. Acronym for Gambler’s Book Club.

GBV. Acronym for Green Baize Vampire.  See John May.

GC. 1) Acronym for Gambler’s Choice. 2) Acronym for Green Chip.

GCS. See Goldberg Computer System.

GDA. See Griffin Detective Agency.

George. 1) A slang term for a player who tokes extremely well. A George is often referred to as a live player as in we have a live one here. 2) Code name for one of the concealed blackjack computers used in the late 1970’s by Ken Uston’s team and developed by Keith Taft. George, a perfect-strategy computer, was about half the size of a pack of cigarettes and was powered by batteries. An output “tapper” buzzed to provide the player with information. The input device was a series of switches built onto a plastic mounting that fit around the thigh and fastened by a bandage. See David.
[84 Snyder Blackjack Forum]
[86 Uston Ken Uston on Blackjack 74]
[ https://www.blackjackinfo.com/knowledge-base/site-announcements/keith-taft-dies/ ]

Keith Taft's George ComputerKeith Taft’s George Computer

George CSee George C.

Georgia.  In 2016, the state of Georgia had 1 casino with 16  blackjack tables.
[ https://www.qfit.com/maps.shtml ]

GFC. Acronym for Green Fountain Count.

ghost tells. Term coined by Steve Forte to refer to any tells that have been picked up from a dealer’s reaction to another player.
[86 Forte Read the Dealer 31]

go south. As in to go south with it. A slang term meaning to put money (chips) into one’s pocket.

Gold Card. See Charles Jay’s Blackjack Gold Card.

Goldberg, Allen. See Goldberg Computer System.

Goldberg, Steven. See Casey.

Goldberg Computer System. {TCS}. (Allen Goldberg)

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -2

(Unbalanced converted 10 count)

BC = .72 PE = .61

[76 Goldberg Winning at Blackjack]
[80 Revere Playing Blackjack as a Business 166]
[88 Watson Beating Casino’s Blackjack 94]

goose neck. A term coined by Steve Forte to refer to a tell when the dealer leans in, or goose necks, to see your hand.
[86 Forte Read the Dealer 19]

Gordon, Edward.  aka D. Howard Mitchell.  Author and developer of the DHM card counting systems.  According to Gordon, “D. Howard Mitchell is nom de plume.  The D. actually stands for Dad because Howard and Mitchell are my Son’s names since they have played significant roles in the Systems Development effort.  Edward Gordon has a M.A. in Math and a PhD in the Applications of Mathematics and Probability Theory“.  See DHM.
[ Optimum Strategy in Blackjack: A New Analysis ]

Gordon System. {PCS/L1}. (Edward Gordon). See DHM.

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 -1

BC = .86 PE = .56

[73 Gordon Optimum Strategy in Blackjack…]

Goren, Don. Developer of a controversial shuffle tracking method using neural networks.  Goren published 3 articles over 3 issues of Blackjack Review in 1997, on his shuffle tracking method.  His method was heavily criticized by Arnold Snyder.
[97 Goren Blackjack Review Spr 97, Sum 97, Fall 97]
https://www.blackjackreview.com/wp/archives/don-goren-shuffle-tracking-response/ ]

gorilla BP. Term coined by Ken Uston to describe a non-counting player who receives signals from a counter. He’s a gorilla because he doesn’t have to know how to win at blackjack, yet he is playing with an edge over the house. See BP.
[81 Uston Million Dollar Blackjack 318]

GP. Common acronym for good penetration.

GPS. Acronym for Steve Forte‘s  Gambler’s Protection Series videos.

Graham 2 count. {PCS/L2}. (Graham)

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
-2 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 -1

BC = .96 PE = .42

Graham 7 count. {PCS/U}. (Graham)

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
-6 4 4 5 7 4 3 0 -1 -5

BC = 1.00 PE = .54

Grant, Doug. aka Floyd Young, DT, TonyT, Jim Byner.  See the Doug Grant FAQ on rec.gambling.blackjack for more information.
[ Doug Grant FAQ ] [ Doug Grant FAQ ]

Grant System. {PBS}. (Mel Grant, Alhambra, CA) Also known as the Win At Blackjack system.
[81 Uston Million Dollar Blackjack 325]

grave shift. Also called graveyard shift. The last, early morning shift of a casino usually beginning between midnight and 5 AM.

Greatest Revolutionary Blackjack Method. {PBS}. TBD ???

Greek Team. TBD  See Cassie.

green action. The wagering of $25 chips, usually green in color. See black action.

green belt. (GB) A reference to one of the restricted member’s only pages on Arnold Snyder’s Blackjack Forum web site.
[ http://www.rge21.com ]

green chip. (GC) 1) A $25 value casino chip. 2) A reference to one of the member’s only pages on Stanford Wong’s blackjack discussion group.
[ http://www.bj21.com ]

green zone. (GZ) A reference to one of the once restricted member’s only pages on the Blackjack Review Network.
[ http://www.BJRnet.com ]

Green Fountain Count. {PCS/L1}. (GFC) (Koko Ita) (c1976). See Systems Research See Silver Fox Count.

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
-1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 -1 -1

BC = .96 PE = .54

[76 Ita 21 Counting Methods to Beat 21]
[88 Watson Beating Casino’s Blackjack 96]

PeterGriffin.jpg (4052 bytes)

Griffin, Peter. (1937-Oct 18,1998) Author of the classic text-book Theory of Blackjack and several counting systems. This book is considered the bible on the mathematics of the game and includes a complete discussion of basic strategy and card counting systems including single and multi-parameter. The concept of a card counting system betting correlation (BC) and a playing efficiency (PE) were developed by Peter Griffin. In 2002, he was inducted into the Blackjack Hall of Fame as a theoretical pioneer. Peter Griffin died from cancer at the age of 61 on Sunday, Oct. 18, 1998. See Reports and Studies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackjack_Hall_of_Fame ]
[ http://www.blackjackbomb.com/peter-a-griffin/ ]
[ 12 Blackjack Confidential Dec 98 ]
[ Mar 98 Blackjack Forum 17 ]
[ PHOTO: Peter Griffin 1937 – 1998 ]

Griffin Count. {PCS/L1}. (Peter Griffin).

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 -1

BC = .84 PE = .64

[88 Griffin The Theory of Blackjack]

PICGriffin 2 Count. {PCS/L2}. (Peter Griffin). See Canfield Master. See Omega II.

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 1 2 2 2 1 0 -1 -2

BC = .92 PE = .67

[88 Griffin The Theory of Blackjack]

Griffin 3 Count. {PCS/L3}. (Peter Griffin). See Uston Advanced Count.

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 2 2 3 2 2 1 -1 -3

BC = .90 PE = .69

[88 Griffin The Theory of Blackjack]

Peter Griffin Interview Courtesy: The Hot Shoe

Griffin 4 Count. {PCS/L4}. (Peter Griffin).

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 2 3 4 3 3 1 -1 -4

BC = .90 PE = .69

[88 Griffin The Theory of Blackjack]
[ PHOTO: Peter Griffin Interview Courtesy: The Hot Shoe ]

Griffin 5 Count. {PCS/L5}. (Peter Griffin).

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 2 2 4 5 4 3 1 -1 -5

BC = .91 PE = .69

[88 Griffin The Theory of Blackjack]

Griffin 7 Count. {PCS/L7}. (Peter Griffin).

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
-6 4 4 5 7 5 3 0 -2 -5

BC = 1.00 PE = .54

[88 Griffin The Theory of Blackjack]

Gordon Adams

Griffin Book. A reference to the series of books kept by the Griffin Investigations which identifies blacklisted players, casino cheats, card counters, and suspected card counters.  This book may include player profiles and photographs.
[ PHOTO: Gordon Adams Interview Courtesty: The Hot Shoe ]

Griffin Detective Agency. (GDA) See Griffin Investigations.

Griffin InvestigationsGriffin Investigations. Also called Griffin Detective Agency.  Founded in 1967, by Beverly and Robert Griffin.  An investigations agency used by many casinos around the world. Based in Las Vegas, this agency maintained a black book of known cheats, criminals, and professional card counters.  Arnold Snyder of rge21.com maintained a members only list of suspected Griffin Investigations subscribed casinos.   See Casino Information Network.
[81 Uston Million Dollar Blackjack 262]
[Konik Count It]
[ http://www.griffininvestigations.com/ ]
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Griffin_Investigations ]
[ https://www.blackjackapprenticeship.com/the-griffin-book-2/ ]
[ https://lasvegassun.com/news/2005/sep/13/griffin-book-producer-files-for-chapter-11-citing-/ ]
[ PHOTO: Andy Andersen with facial recognition software on a laptop computer ]

Griffin Ultimate Count. {PCS/U}. (Peter Griffin).

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
-60 37 45 52 70 46 27 0 -17 -50

BC = 1.00 PE = .54

[88 Griffin The Theory of Blackjack]

grind. A slow and hard way of making money.

grind joint. One of many casinos with a high proportion of slot machines and low-stakes tables.

GRI Pro Count. {PCS/L?}. TBD
[88 Allen Beat the Odds]

Grosjean, James. A computer analyst, professional player and author of the classic Beyond Counting, who successfully sued casinos and the Griffin Agency.  Regarded by many as the “best blackjack player on earth*“.  A 2006 member of the Blackjack Hall of Fame.  Grosjean won the 2004, 2007 and 2008 “Blackjack Cup” at Max Rubin’s Blackjack Ball.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackjack_Hall_of_Fame ]
[ http://www.blackjackbomb.com/james-grosjean/ ]
[ * http://www.maxrubin.com/ball_past_winners.html ]

Gwynn, John Jr. (1932-2001) Born December 9, 1932, John Gwynn earned his PhD in mathematics and would become a Professor of Computer Science at California State University, for 24 years.  Gwynn authored numerous papers on gambling theory and devoted many hours of his life during the 80s and 90s analyzing and testing systems and strategies for publications like Blackjack ForumJohn Gwynn died of an apparent heart attack on June 5, 2001.  See Reports and Studies.
[ http://catlin.casinocitytimes.com/article/remembering-john-gwynn-1249 ]
[ Fall 2001 Snyder Blackjack Forum 113 ]

RETURN TO TOP

Footnotes   [ + ]

1.For the sake of this example: For a 1% advantage, we use p=50.5%=.505 and q=49.5%=.495