C … is for Card Counting

Previous PageNext PageTHE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CASINO TWENTY-ONE
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ

¢. Typically used in the literature to mean only low stakes are available (e.g., $1 – $25 only).

C. Acronym for coupons may be available.

CA. See combinatorial analysis.

C. Johnny. See John Chang.

C., George. The author of several excellent blackjack reports including Shuffle Tracking for Beginners and Advanced Card Counting.   Creator of the level 2 Unbalanced Zen 11 (UBZ2) count. Former moderator for the Blackjack Review Network Shuffle Tracking Forum.
[ BJRnet Shuffle Tracking Forum ]
http://www.blackjackreview.com/wp/encyclopedia/reports/#GeorgeC ]

ddm-m-s_s.jpg (1652 bytes)CAB 2000. A reference to Dustin D. Mark’s Cheating At Blackjack 2000 CD-ROM product.

Caddy blackjack. A private blackjack game, popular in the Northeast, where the deal rotates from player to player.
[81 Uston Million Dollar Blackjack 316]

cage. Where the casino cashier is located. Casinos have a habit of placing the cage in the back or farthest point from an entrance or exit.

California. Player banked blackjack and blackjack variations can be found on some Indian reservations in this state.  In 2016, California had 47 casinos with over 800 blackjack tables.
[ https://www.qfit.com/maps.shtml ]

California blackjack. 1) An ace and a nine. A facetious expression. 2) A reference to player banked blackjack games in California.
[87 Clark Dictionary of Gambling & Gaming 34]

California rules. Archived Rules

call bet. An amount to be bet, called out by a player, without the exact amount of money in evidence. Call bets are typically not allowed at a blackjack table unless the player has excellent casino credit or has money in the cage.

caller. The player who controls the hand at a table.  See rider.

call for insurance. This is an announcement made by the dealer to the players when the dealer has an ace as an up-card. See insurance.

call-in.  A blackjack team term that refers to the signal to the big player to come to the table.  See wave-off.
[ Wattenberger Modern Blackjack Vol. 2, 623 ]

call-in numbers. A blackjack team expression for pre-determined numbers representing the adjusted running count used by the counter to signal a big player to his table.
[81 Uston Million Dollar Blackjack 316]

call plays. A blackjack team expression referring to the signals given a blackjack player by a counter for how much to bet and how to play his hands.
[81 Uston Million Dollar Blackjack 316]

camouflage. To disguise the way you are betting and playing so as not to draw attention to the fact that you are a card counter. See act. See cover.
[66 Thorp Beat the Dealer 132]
[SUM 91 Scanner Camouflage: Secret Weapon… EBN]
[9/93 Schlesinger Basic Strategy Camouflage… BJF 7]

Campione, Anthony John.  aka Tony Blueberry. In 1994, blackjack player Anthony Campione filed a lawsuit against the Tropicana Casino in Atlantic City.  In 1995, a Superior Court jury in Camden, NJ awarded $1475,500 to Campione as compensatory damages.  Anthony Campione passed away in 1996, at the age of 63.
[ 97 In Memory of Anthony Campione BJR 6.1 ]
[ AMAZON: Big Book of Blackjack has a good review of the Campione case ]
[ http://www.blackjackreview.com/wp/archives/campione-vs-adamar-of-new-jersey/ ]

Canada. In 2017, there were at least 128 legal casinos in Canada. These included:

  • 22 in British Columbia
  • 7 in Saskatchewan
  • 43 in Alberta
  • 6 in Manitoba
  • 4 in New Brunswick
  • 1 in Newfoundland and Labrador
  • 4 in Nova Scotia
  • 30 in Ontario
  • 2 in Prince Edward Island
  • 1 in the Yukon Territory

[81,9/89,9/90 Snyder Blackjack in Canada BJF]
[VIII, Issue 8 Rose Oh! Canadian Casinos CAM 14]

Canada rules Archived Rules

candy store. Often used in the literature to refer to a casino with excellent blackjack rules and conditions.

Canfield, Richard A.. aka Joe Hinton. A former bit boss and author of the book Blackjack Your Way to Riches

Canfield Expert. {PCS/L1}. (Richard Canfield) (c1977).

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 -1 -1

BC = .87 PE = .63

[77 Canfield Blackjack Your Way To Riches]
[Gates Blackjack Monthly Newsletter]

star.gif (5411 bytes)Canfield Master. {PCS/L2}. (Richard Canfield) (c1977) An advanced point count system. See Omega II.

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 1 2 2 2 1 0 -1 -2

BC = .92 PE = .67

[77 Canfield Blackjack Your Way To Riches]
[ Gates Blackjack Monthly Newsletter]

MathProfCanjar, Robert Michael. aka MathProf. (Sept 9, 1953-May 7, 2012) Known to the blackjack community as “MathProf”, Canjar was a Mathematics and Computer Science professor at the University of Detroit Mercy.  Canjar was a well respected and regular contributor to many blackjack and advantage play websites and most often to Stanford Wong’s site.  According to Wikipedia, he won a record number 16 times the award for Post of the Month on bj21.com.
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._Michael_Canjar ]
[ http://www.fredwoodfuneralhome.com/notices/DrR-Canjar ]
[ Photo credit: Family Photo ]

Cant, Clarke. Major contributor to Arnold Snyder’s book The Blackjack Formula.  Author of the very unusual but entertaining treatise called Blackjack Therapy. See Precision Count.

WilbertCantey_familyphotoCantey, Wilbert. Co-author of the historically significant book Playing Blackjack to Win.  A 2008 member of the Blackjack Hall of Fame. See Roger Baldwin.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackjack_Hall_of_Fame ]
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/07/05/AR2008070501588.html ]
[ Photo credit: Family Photo ]

cap. 1) A chip of a different denomination atop a stack of chips which are the same denomination. 2) {CHS}. To add a chip or chips to a bet after the cards have been dealt.

card count. The total numeric value of cards held in a hand. See count.

card counter. A blackjack player who keeps a mental tally of cards played for betting and playing purposes. A typical card counter will bet higher when he detects a favorable situation (i.e., a positive count) and use the count to vary from basic strategy. The card counter can also detect when it is advantageous to take or not take insurance. See also case the deck.
[80 Rich What to do While Card Counting Vol.13,22]

Frequently Asked Question
What is the best card counting system?

card-counting. A method of keeping track of the cards by assigning a value to certain cards in the deck.  The theory behind card-counting is based on the fact that when a deck or shoe is deficient in small cards the player is at a greater than normal advantage and when the deck or shoe is deficient in high cards the player is at a less than normal advantage. An example of a card-counting system is the Hi-Lo count.  See point count system.
[ Card Counting Strategy Summary ]
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Card_counting ]
[ https://youtu.be/G_So72lFNIU ]
[Griffin Theory of Blackjack]

In an article that D. Howard Mitchell once wrote he describes five distinct classes of blackjack systems that are available:

  • Basic – no counting.
  • Intermediate – a simple side count.
  • Advanced – a running count.
  • Professional – a true count plus an optional side count of aces.
  • Expert – everything more complicated than professional systems.

[2/78 Mitchell BJ Systems From BS… GT 15]

card-dauber. A person who marks the backs of cards for purposes of cheating. See marked cards. See daub.

card down. A statement made to a pit boss or floorman by a dealer when a card is dropped from the table. Dealers are not allowed to bend over and leave the chip tray exposed, therefore a pit boss or other person must retrieve anything a dealer drops.

card eating. See eating cards.

Cardoza, Avery D.. (1957 – ) Author, professional gambler and publisher of numerous books on gambling including Winning Casino Blackjack for the Non-CounterCardoza Publishing has published millions of books on gambling. In 2014, Cardoza became the new owner of the Las Vegas Gambler’s Book Club and Gambler’s General Store.
[ http://baccaratinbooks.com/avery%20cardoza.htm ]
[ http://www.cardozabooks.com/ ]

Cardoza Base Count Strategy. {???} (Avery Cardoza) (c1985-1990?) Cardoza School of Blackjack, Cardoza Publishing, Cooper Station, NY. Seen advertising in several of Cardoza’s gambling books. He advertises that you can “become an expert in two days“.

Caribbean. Casino gambling is legal in many countries in the Caribbean and Central America. You will find blackjack offered in the following countries:

  • Antigua
  • Aruba
  • Bahamas
  • Bonaire
  • Columbia
  • Curacao
  • Dominican Republic
  • Guadeloupe
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Martinique
  • Puerto Rico
  • St. Kitts
  • St. Maarten
  • St. Vincent

[9/89 Dog-Ass Johnny Blackjack in St. Maarten BJF]
[90 Gaffney Winning BJ in Atlantic City and…87]

Caribbean Rules Archived Rules

Carlson, Bryce.  A professional blackjack player and author of one of the best blackjack books on the market, Blackjack For Blood. Carlson also developed the Omega II Blackjack Casino blackjack card counting software.
http://www.blackjackbomb.com/bryce-carlson/ ]

carpet joint.  Slang for an upscale casino.

Carson City. The state capital of Nevada. This small city is east of Lake Tahoe and west of Reno. Carson City has had several small casinos that offer blackjack games.

Carson City Rules.  Archived Rules Rules have been typical of Reno.

Carter R.P.I.. {PBS}. (Sci-Rater, Williston Park, NY). R.P.I. stands for Regressive Progressive Increments.
[80 Revere Playing Blackjack as a Business 172]
[88 Watson Beating Casino’s Blackjack 92]

casing. See case the deck.

Case, Sam A casino cheating expert and an important and frequent contributor to Arnold Snyder’s Blackjack Forum magazine.  Provided  computer programming and analysis for Arnold Snyder’s Beat the X-Deck series of reports, the Over-Under Report and others.

case the deck. 1) To count down a deck. 2) To observe closely the composition of the cards played (without counting) and then make decisions based on this limited information. See card counter.

www.casey-computer.com
Casey
. A concealable computer developed by Steven Goldberg (aka George Stevens) in the early 1980’s, which originally sold for about $4000. Believed to have been copied from Keith Taft‘s David computer. See George.
[ http://nowscape.com/blk/BLK_casey_instr_manual.pdf ]
[ http://www.bjrnet.com/archive/BLK_casey_instr_manual.pdf ]
[12/83 Snyder Blackjack Forum 45]
[84 Snyder The David Computer BJF]
[5/84 Wong Nevada Blackjack 78]
[90 Zender Card Counting for the Casino Executive 97]
[9/90 Casey Advertisement BYTE Magazine 493]
[ http://www.cyberwarecom.com/blackjack/description.htm – Uncertain Affiliation]
[ http://www.casey-computer.com/ ]

cashier. See cage.

hundreddollar.gif (25082 bytes)cash plays.  A dealer announcement that the player is betting cash money instead of chips.  This announcement is necessary to avoid the possibility that the player really only wanted change and/or the player is trying to cheat the house.  (e.g., Just as the dealer is ready to deal, the player throws five $100 bills on a betting spot.  The dealer deals the player a bad hand such as a 16.  The player then argues that he was only buying in for chips.)

casino.  An establishment that offers gambling.  Also called house, joint, shop, store, toilet, or trap.

casino host. The casino employee who a rated player deals with to make hotel reservations and discuss comp privileges.

Casino Information Network. (CIN) Biometrica Systems.  The Casino Information Network is a secure network that connects casinos around the world so that information can be shared quickly and easily.  The network was divided into six regions Las Vegas, Atlantic City / East Coast, Mid-West (Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, the Dakotas), Southern States (Mississippi, Louisiana), Australia / Asia, and Europe / Africa.  Biometrica Systems is located in Mont Vernon, NH, with offices in Las Vegas.   See Griffin Investigations.
[ http://www.biometrica.com ]

Andy AndersonAndy Anderson Interview Courtesy: The Hot Shoe

casino manager. The individual who oversees the entire casino operation.

Casino Visual Identification. TBD

casino win rate. The norm for casino blackjack win rates, averaging all types of players, is approximately 15-16%. Generally, according to Blackjack Confidential Magazine, low blackjack win rates of 11-14% may indicate games favorable to the player. High win rates of 17-22% may indicate house games. These win rate figures are otherwise known as the hold percentage. See win rate.
[89 Blackjack Confidential]

Cassie Winner of the 2000 “Blackjack Cup” at Max Rubin’s annual Blackjack Ball.  According to Rubin, “One of the Greek Team’s managers… The Yale Econ and Stanford Law grad came out of the field and swept the table while proving that, in the world of gambling anyway, brains are better than brawn.
[ http://www.maxrubin.com/ball_past_winners.html ]

Catch 22. Also called Push 22. A blackjack advertising giveaway occasionally offered by casinos. This coupon would give you a push on 22. If you were to double with 12 and bust this coupon would save your entire bet. The recommended playing strategy for these types of coupons would be to double with 12 (including 6-6) against 2,3,4,5,6 or 7. Hit all 12s of 3 or more cards. With other hands, play normal basic strategy.   PA = 5.8%/hand
[2/80 Wong Wong’s Blackjack Newsletter 23]

catwalk. The narrow walkway above the ceiling and over the gaming tables used for security and monitoring of players actions. Most modern casinos no longer have catwalks since security monitoring can now be performed by a network of television cameras controlled from a central location. See eye-in-the-sky.

CBN. Acronym for Stanford Wong’s Current Blackjack News newletter.  See bj21.

CBJN. See CBN.

CC. See card-counting.

CCA. Acronym for Casino Control Act.  See NJCCC.

CCB. See Clump Card Blackjack.

CCC.  Abbreviation for Casino Control Commission.  See NJCCC.

CDCA.  Acronym for Composition Dependent Combinatorial Analyzer: A program that computes blackjack expected values for various rules.
[
BJStrat.net ]

Celebrity Blackjack. (CB)  A television show on the Game Show Network (GSN) where celebrities played tournament style blackjack for charity.  The show debuted in 2004.
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celebrity_Blackjack ]

CF. Acronym for conversion factor.

Chambliss, Carlson R. Co-author of the book Fundamentals of Blackjack.  See C-R Point Count. See Thomas Roginski.

Chan, Joshua.  In February of 2016, Joshua Chan and the LCB Network purchased Stanford Wong’s site bj21.com.  He also purchased the Wizard of Odds sites in 2014.  From his introduction on bj21.com, “In 2006 I was an advantage player, focusing on exploiting Internet casino bonuses. With my knowledge of the Internet gambling scene, in 2006 I established LatestCasinoBonuses.com (LCB). LCB is a casino-information site that features casino news and editorials, no-deposit bonuses, casino reviews, software reviews, slot reviews, and free casino games. There is a members’ forum where players share promotions, bonuses, tips and winning stories. The library of gambling information is one of the most extensive in the industry. LCB has monthly contests that award prizes. The number of registered LCB memberships should surpass 100,000 in 2016. After that, I acquired sites devoted to blackjack, sports, bingo and poker. In 2014 I bought the Wizard of Odds and Wizard of Vegas from Michael Shackleford. As a former advantage player, I’m proud to own BJ21.com. I think it will fit well into my portfolio of web sites devoted to player advocacy.
[ http://wizardofvegas.com/forum/gaming-business/other/25215-bj21-sold-to-the-owner-of-wizard-of-vegas/ ]
[ http://www.casinonewsdaily.com/2016/05/10/latest-casino-bonuses-founder-joshua-chan-reveals-success-formula/ ]

Chang, John. aka Johnny C. Former manager of the MIT Blackjack Team. A 2007 member of the Blackjack Hall of Fame.
[ http://www.blackjackforumonline.com/content/interviewJC.htm ]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackjack_Hall_of_Fame ]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIT_Blackjack_Team ]
[ http://blackjackpersonalities.com/john-chang.htm ]
[ http://www.richardmunchkin.com/2011/08/my-interview-with-john-laurie-c-mit.html ]

change space. On a blackjack table, the area of the layout in front of the dealer where money is exchanged for chips.

Channels, Bill. Wrote as the GameMaster for GameMasterOnline.com.  Author of the excellent GameMaster Blackjack School. You will find the GameMaster Blackjack School on the Blackjack Review Network site (with comments by Michael Dalton).  This school is also available on BJ21.com and the BlackjackInfo.com site.  The GameMasterOnline site went dark in 2014.
http://www.blackjackreview.com/wp/blackjack-school/ ]
[ https://www.blackjackinfo.com/blackjack-school/ ]
[ https://bj21.com/category/blackjack-school/pages/game-master-classics-blackjack-school ]

Charles Jay’s Blackjack Gold Card. {BS} (Charles Jay) (1992) An two-piece business card with the accurate basic strategy for multiple deck games and DAS allowed. Also includes variations for single deck, when DAS is not allowed and surrender. Tips for evaluating a game, bankroll guidelines and 11 cardinal rules.
[Summer 92 Dalton Blackjack Review 24]

cheating. The Nevada Legislature defines cheating as “to alter the selection of criteria which determine (a) The result of the game; or (b) The amount or frequency of payment in a game.” [NRS §465.015(1)] The Nevada courts have also commented that card counting can not be considered cheating. In one court case the following statement was issued:

By way of contrast, a card counter — one who uses a point system to keep track of the cards that have been played — does not alter any of the basic features of the game. He merely uses his mental skills to take advantage of the same information that is available to all players.

[Sheriff of Washoe County vs Martin, 662 P.2d 634, 638 NV 1983)]

In New Jersey, the Administrative Code [NJSAC §5:12-113(a)] states “any person who by any trick or sleight of hand performance, or by a fraud or fraudulent scheme, cards, dice or device, for himself or another wins or attempts to win money or property or a representative of either … is guilty of crime.”

See Uston vs Resorts. See bar.
[Nevada Revised Statutes (NRS)]
[§5.011(9) of the Nevada Gaming Commission & the State Gaming Control Board]
[66 Thorp Beat the Dealer 141]
[80 Dunes Dealers Nix Cheat Charges C&S Vol.11,6]
[82 Case Cheating Dealers BJF]
[83 How Casinos Detect Cheaters C&S Vol.23,71]
[83 How Cheats Stack a Deck BJF]
[3/84 Wong Nevada Blackjack 42]
[9/85 Rose Counting is Not Cheating GT 24]
[86 Rose Gambling and the Law 196]
[86 Wong Nevada’s Trespassing Statute BJF]
[87 Cheating in Puerto Rico BJF]
[1/90 Rose Card Counting..and the Back Room BJC 18]
[4/90 Rose Is Counting Cards Cheating? BJC 10]

Frequently Asked Question
Isn’t card counting illegal?

check rack. See chip tray.

checks. Non-metallic gaming tokens, the size of a silver dollar, of various colors and denominations used in casinos in place of currency. More commonly called chips. The most typical color scheme and denominations used at most blackjack tables are as follows:

  • Whites (Aces or singles) = $1
  • Pinks (Twofers) = $2.50
  • Reds (Nickels, Fives) = $5
  • Greens (Quarters) = $25
  • Blacks = $100

Check colors above $100 are not as common with the following being an example:

  • Purples = $500
  • Oranges = $1000
  • Grays = $5000

Chips can also be used by players to:

  • Keep track of the count.
  • Keep track of the shuffle.
  • Manage their money.
  • Signal teammates.

Three types of chips are typically used within a casino:

  • Negotiable chips.
  • Non-negotiable chips.
  • Match play chips.

checks play.   A term often used by dealers to notify pit personnel that a player has increased his bet significantly.  See black action.   See green action.

cheque.   See checks.

Chinese Blackjack. A dealer hand with a ten up-card and a 4 in the hole. A 4 looks like an ace. Many Orientals have the custom of “squeezing” their cards, opening up their 2-card hand a small fraction at a time until the second card comes into view.
[90 Patterson Blackjack: A Winner’s Handbook 74]

chip tray. Also call the rack. The rectangular metal tray which contains the casino’s chips and silver for a particular table. This tray lies flat in the middle of the table in front of the dealer. Chips are typically organized by denomination: silver and lower valued chips on the outside and higher valued chips in the middle.

chips. See checks.

CHS. Acronym used in this book to refer to a cheating strategy method.

chunk. To over-bet or to bet in large amounts.

Church Team.  (2006-2009) Name given for the blackjack team started by Ben Crawford and Colin Jones and documented in the documentary Holy Rollers.  According to the movie, the Church Team took $3.2 million from casinos during their 3 year operation.
[ http://www.blackjackreview.com/wp/encyclopedia/videos/ ]

Churilla, Ken R.  aka Kenneth Raymond Churilla. (1941-2012) Ken provided a comprehensive internet based directory of blackjack and poker for the serious player.
[ http://www.best.com/~mentorms/blackjack/ ] ???
[ http://beddingfieldfuneralservice.com/obits12.htm ]

CID.  Acronym for Casino Intelligence DatabaseThe Casino Intelligence Database is a comprehensive database that allows for the building of a detailed digital CaseFile on any event, individual or group.  From physical books of cheaters that were the first casino information databases; through CDs updated once a quarter, the CID has evolved into a wholly digital interactive and searchable product, updated every single day, and comprising comprehensive digital CaseFiles on suspicious individuals or groups.
[ http://biometrica.com/casinos/ ]

Cierzan, Don.  See TIMES.

CIN.  See Casino Information Network.

C-K Count. See Precision Count.

clap. As in clap hands. What many dealers do as part of casino policy when they are relieved by another dealer. This is done to show the watchful eyes of security that the dealer has not palmed any checks.

closing a bankroll. A blackjack team term that refers to the time when money is split up.  For example, if $100,000 profit is the goal, then monies are shared “only” when that amount of profit is generated.
[ http://www.blackjackreview.com/wp/encyclopedia/videos/#HolyRollers ]

C1.gif (1264 bytes)

club. The black figure club.gif (981 bytes) marking one of the four suits of playing cards.

Clump Card Blackjack. (CCB) {RWC} (1991) (Steven Heller). According to Heller, “CCB is a systematic approach to exploiting excessive clumping often found in shoe games. The method includes specific table selection and departure criteria as well as five specific betting strategies designed to take advantage of various game type personalities.”  It is a ‘play by the seat of your pants’ type system.  Heller recommends you abandon basic strategy for common sense. Not recommended.  This system will lose you money in the long run!
[ Fall 1994 Blackjack Review 3.4 ]

clump / clumping. As in the clumping of cards. When specific card denominations stay together during the shuffle process. See like-card clumping.  See clump-trackers.
[3/87 Olsen Blackjack Confidential]
[90 Patterson Blackjack: A Winner’s Handbook]

clump-trackers.   A reference to the many variations on card-clump blackjack strategies as presented by E. Clifton Davis, Jerry Patterson, Ron DiBenedetto, Steven Heller, Leonard Benson, Ron Fitch and others.  The methods presented are often non-scientific and should not be confused with valid shuffle-tracking techniques.  These systems are not recommended by the author of this book.

CM.   Acronym for the “Chinese mafia”, an expression used by Atlantic City locals.
[bj21.com Blackjack Glossary]

Col. Acronym for casino collects a fee per hand, generally at least 1%.
[Wong Current Blackjack News]

cold. As in the deck is cold. 1) To signify that the deck or shoe has recently been very unfavorable. 2) To signify a deck or shoe that is unfavorable to the player, that is, with a high minus count. See hot. See cooler.

cold turkey. Slang for a hand consisting of two face cards.

Collver, Donald I.  See below.

Collver Advanced Casing. {PCS/U}. (Donald I. Collver) (c1966). A card counting system in which the player keeps track of the excess of tens over other non-ace cards and low cards (2-5) over other non-ace cards plus a count of aces.
[66 Collver Scientific BJ & Complete Casino Guide]

Collver Scientific Blackjack. {PCS/L1}. (Donald I. Collver) (c1966).

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1/3 1/3 1/3 1/3 1/3 1/3 1/3 1/3 -2/3

BC = .81 PE = .61

[66 Collver Scientific Blackjack and…]

color. 1) A designation of the denomination of table chips by color. 2) A reference to a jack, queen, or king.

color for color. An instruction to a dealer to pay the player’s bet in the same denomination as those making up the original bet. See barber pole.
[87 Clark Dictionary of Gambling & Gambling 47]

color up. To exchange one denomination of chips for higher ones. Dealers will often ask players to color up before they leave the table. This is usually done for one of two reasons: (a) The dealer’s chip tray is in need of lower denomination chips, and/or (b) The dealer wishes to make known the amount of your win or loss.

Colorado.  In 2016, Colorado had 21 casinos with over 100 blackjack tables.
[ https://www.qfit.com/maps.shtml ]

[Bryan The Gambling Prospector]

Colorado rules Archived Rules

combinatorial analysis.  (CA) One of two methods of analysis to figure out the house edge of a game.  The other method is simulation.  According to Eliot Jacobson, the preferred method is always CA and then double check using a simulation.
[ https://www.888casino.com/blog/apheat/video-a-brief-tutorial-on-combinatorial-analysis/ ]

Comdex. This is one of the largest yearly computer conventions in the United States and attracts over 100,000 attendees.  It is quite often hosted in Las Vegas.  You can expect expensive room rates and very busy gaming tables during Comdex week in Las Vegas.
[ http://www.zdevents.com/comdex/ ]

comp. Abbreviation for complimentary. The privilege of using casino hotel services free of charge. A comp gives a player, depending on his level of play, the use of a variety of hotel casino services, meals, lodging or entertainment at no cost. RFB (room, food, beverage) comps are the most typical but high rollers are often given free airfare and other special privileges as well. Comps are promotional tools intended to maintain a list of patrons who wager in large amounts. Most professional blackjack players shy away from accepting comps due to fear of being detected and barred from playing in that casino. Some tips from Max Rubin: “1) Always ask 2) Get Rated 3) Play Blackjack 4) Bet more when the boss is watching 5) Bet less when the boss is not watching 6) Take Breaks 7) Look like a loser 8) Give gifts 9) Never turn down a comp and 10) Be Nice.
[ http://www.maxrubin.com/comps_101.html ]
[5/80 Wong How to Profit From a Comp NBJ 83]
[80 …About Junkets, Comp Guidelines C&S Vol.11,14]
[12/89 The Flower The Comp Report BJF]

comportment. As in casino comportment. The ways and manners of proper behavior in a casino. Proper casino comportment typically comes from experience.
[76 Andersen Turning the Tables on Las Vegas]

composition dependent strategy. Usually a reference to basic strategy, but based upon the exact cards dealt to the player rather than just the total of the player’s hand.  See basic strategy section.

Compucount. Compu Tek, Canyon Lake, CA. A concealable computer developed by G.G.(?) and once marketed by Jerry Patterson for about $800. This was a true count calculator that did not advise the player how to play his hand.
[3/84 Wong Nevada Blackjack 41]
[90 Patterson Blackjack: A Winner’s Handbook 70]

computer software. See the blackjack software review section.

computers (concealed). Concealed computers that are used as an aid in counting cards are not permitted in casinos, although at one time they may have been technically legal. Blackjack computers have been designed to determine the true count or to make perfect playing decisions based on a given count. Specific statutes exist in Nevada that make it a felony to use these devices.  See George. See David. See Compucount. See Casey. See Uston 21Counter. See Fred.  See Keith Taft.

In c1966, Ed Thorp and Claude Shannon revealed their invention of a wearable computer, used to predict roulette wheels.  The system was a cigarette-pack sized analog computer with 4 push buttons. A data-taker would use the buttons to indicate the speed of the roulette wheel,  and the computer would then send tones via radio to a bettor’s hearing aid. Though the system was invented in 1961, it was first mentioned in Ed Thorp’s 1966 edition of Beat the Dealer. The details of the system were later published in Review of the International Statistical Institute, V. 37:3, 1969. Thorp also disclosed a similar system for beating the Wheel of Fortune gambling game in LIFE Magazine, March 27, 1964, pp. 80-91.
[3/78 The Perfect Blackjack System ReN Vol.10,#3]
[12/83 Wong Hidden Blackjack Computers BJW 199]
[3/84 Snyder Wired to Win: Concealable Computers BJF 4]
[9/84 Gwynn How Good Can a Pocket Blackjack… BJF]
[9/85 Snyder “Devices” Outlawed in Nevada BJF 14]
[3/86 …Judge Rules Device Law Unconstitutional BJF 19]
[87 The 1964 Blackjack Computer BJF]
[88 Man VS Computer BJF]
[4/89 Morningstar Blackjack Confidential 32]
[90 Patterson Blackjack: A Winner’s Handbook 68]
[Sept 90 Byte Magazine]
[12/90 Rose Nevada Casinos Panicked Over… BJC]
[Feb/Mar 92 Berendom A Blackjack Computer WIN]
[ https://www.qfit.com/blackjack-computers.htm ]
[ http://www.blackjackforumonline.com/content/The%20Electronic%20Gambler.htm ]
[ http://www.bjrnet.com/archive/thorp-first-wearable-computer.pdf ]

Conklin, J. B. See below.

Conklin System. {PCS/L1}. (J. B. Conklin). TBD

Connecticut.  Two of the largest Indian casinos in the United States are the Foxwoods Casino, located in Ledyard and the Mohegan Sun, located in Uncasville. See Indian blackjack.  In 2016, Connecticut had 2 casinos with over 240 blackjack tables.
[ https://www.qfit.com/maps.shtml ]

Connecticut rules Archived Rules

continuous shuffling machine. (CSM) A machine that continuously shuffles and mixes used cards.  A CSM is designed to prevent opportunities for card counters.  Essentially, a CSM forces every round as if it were “off the top of the deck”.  In addition, the machine provides an increase in the speed in the game by about 20%.  See ASM. See shuffle machine.
[ https://bj21.com/bj_reference/pages/41143.html ]

contra-D’Alembert. See D’Alembert.

conventional surrender. Also called late surrender.  See surrender.

conversion factor. (CF). The number by which the running count is multiplied or divided to derive the true count. This number is based on the percentage of cards that have not been put into play. For simplicity, it usually reflects the number of decks (in a shoe) or 1/4 or 1/2 decks remaining in a single-deck game.

cooler. {CHS}. A deck or a number of decks in prearranged sequence inserted into play by cheating players. See stacked deck.
[81 Uston Million Dollar Blackjack 251]
[81 Ortiz Coolers C&S Vol. 15, 64]

Cooper, CarlCo-author of the book World’s Greatest Blackjack Book.  See Lance Humble.

Core System. (Scott Frank) (1993) {RWC} A card counting system intended to beat non-random games. Only the 5s, 6s, 7s and 8s are counted.
[93 Frank Blackjack For Winners]
[9/93 Snyder Blackjack Forum 98]

CORE Team.   TBD
[ http://www.detroitblackjackteam.com/ ]

correlation.   Correlation is the relationship between two variables. The correlation coefficient is a measure of the degree to which these two variables are linearly related.  See efficiency.

count. 1) Usually a reference to the running count which is the cumulative value of all cards played at any given time. There are a variety of different counting systems that assign point values to cards as they are dealt in a game. For example, the Hi-Lo card counting system would assign the following values to cards in a deck.

  • 2,3,4,5,6 = +1
  • 7,8,9 = 0
  • 10,J,Q,K = -1
  • Ace = -1

Most good card counters can count down a deck in 20 seconds or less. The author has been told that the best record for counting down a deck is on the order of 10 or 11 seconds. See true count.
[Sum,Fall 93 Dalton Playing by the Count BJR]

counter. Someone who counts cards.   See card counter.

counter-measures. As in casino counter-measures. See game control.

Counter’s Convention (CC). (January 1979) A reference to the time Resorts International in Atlantic City offered early surrender at their tables AND did not bar card counters.  Also called the Atlantic City early surrender experiment.

counting system (or strategy). Any system that assigns a number (e.g. +2, -2, +1.5, -1.5, +1, -1, 0, etc) to cards as they are dealt.

coupons. See couponomy below.

couponomy. The profiting from opportunities created by casino competition by the use of positive expectation gaming coupons. A very desirable coupon is the “Free Ace” or “Your first card is an Ace” coupon which gives you a Ace as your first card on a hand.  In this case your advantage on the hand is about 50%, or put another way:  If you bet $100, the value of the coupon would be $100 x 50% = $50.  See funbook. See matchplay. See lucky bucks.
[ 82 Griffin The Small Player Vol.21,65 ]
[ 9/88 Curtis Las Vegas Advisor]
[ Curtis Bargain City ]
[ http://wizardofodds.com/gambling/promotional-chips/#toc-OtherCoupons ]

cover. Measures used by card counters to disguise the fact that they are counting. Cover is quite often necessary due to casino awareness of valid blackjack winning strategies. See camouflage. See act.

cover bet. {CS}. A bet made by a card counter to disguise from casino personnel the fact that he is counting. These include making:

  • a large bet off-the-top.
  • a small bet with a favorable count.
  • a large bet with an unfavorable count.

See cover play.

cover play. {CS}. A play of the hand made by a card counter to disguise from casino personnel the fact that he is counting. These plays are usually but not always a minor strategy error. See cover bet.

Cowboys & Cowgirls. (c2012) A blackjack side bet.  This bet pays off based on the color of the dealer’s up card.
[ http://wizardofodds.com/games/blackjack/appendix/8/ ]

CRAPS. 1) A reference to the blackjack team that Arnold Snyder once formed with Al Francesco.  2) What blackjack players play to camouflage their card counting activities.

Crawford, Ben.  Co-founder of the Blackjack Apprenticeship web site and a team leader for the Church Team. From their web site, “Ben co-founded Blackjack Apprenticeship with Colin (and a 3rd friend) in 2008. Ben also co-managed “The Church Team,” with Colin, and was instrumental in the vision behind both the blackjack team and Blackjack Apprenticeship. Though Ben has moved on to other projects, he is still a part of much of the DNA (and videos) on Blackjack Apprenticeship.See Colin Jones.
[ https://www.blackjackapprenticeship.com/ ]

Crayne System. {PBS}. (Charles Crayne).
[80 Revere Playing Blackjack as a Business 161]

Crazy Sevens. A side bet similar to Super Sevens but with a different pay table.  See Super Sevens.
[ http://wizardofodds.com/games/blackjack/side-bets/super-sevens/ ]

credit line. The amount of credit established for a player in a given casino.  See credit player..

credit player. A player who has money deposited in the cage or has been approved for credit for the purposes of gambling. See front money. See marker.

credit slip. See fill slip.

crimp / crimping. {CHS}. A cheating method of bending a card to identify it for future play.
[6/82 Case Crimps – Invisible Devils BJF 18]

critter. See pit critter.

crossroader. A cheat, hustler, con man or scam artist.

C-R Point Count. {PCS/L2}. (Carlson Chambliss and Thomas Roginski).

A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
-1 1/2 1 1 1 1 1/2 0 0 -1

BE = .98 PE = .56

[90 Chambliss Fundamentals of Blackjack]

cruise ships. Cruise ship gambling has become a growing phenomenon in recent years. For example, although Florida voters rejected casino gambling on the state’s territory, it can’t stop ships from offering gambling once they get 3 miles (East) or 12 miles (West) off the coast. It is interesting to note that most of the cruise ship companies in this country are foreign owned and most are registered in other countries.  See Florida.
[83 Lynch Miami Cruise Ships… C&S Vol.23,20]
[2/83 Miller Gaming on the High Seas GT 16]
[84 Florida Gambling Cruise Ship… C&S Vol.27,28]
[11/89 Saito Cruiseship & Foreign Blackjack… BJC]
[90 Dalton The Florida Cruise Ship Report]
[10/90 Clark California Cruisin’ – A Maritime… WIN]
[10/90 WIN Guide to Cruise Lines WIN 37]
[1/91 Saito Floating Casinos – Blackjack… BJC 4]
[4/91 Clarke Gambler’s Guide to Cruise Ships WIN 43]
[10/91 Roberts Reg. Gaming on the High Seas WIN 8]
[12/91 WIN Guide to Cruise Ship Casinos WIN 47]
[Sum 93 Dalton The Sea Escape – Florida 29]

cruise ship rules. Blackjack rules vary somewhat even on the cruise ships, however, the following is a typical example:

  • 6-deck shoe game
  • Double on any two cards.
  • Double after splits allowed

See Bahamas.

Crush Count.   An over-under 13 game card counting system. TBD

CSM. See Continuous Shuffling Machine

CSR. Acronym for Continuously Shuffled Cards.  Generally a reference to a machine device that continuously shuffles the cards after each round.

CTR. Acronym for Currency Transaction Report.

CTS. Acronym for Stanford Wong’s book Casino Tournament Strategy.   See entry under Books.

Anthony CurtisAnthony Curtis Interview
Courtesy: The Hot Shoe

Curtis, Anthony. Blackjack player, gambler, author and editor/publisher of the Las Vegas Advisor which was founded in 1983.
[ http://www.lasvegasadvisor.com ]
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Curtis_(writer) ]

cut. 1) Offered by the dealer to the player just after the shuffle and before the first hand. The cut tends to split the deck or shoe into a different order. Most casinos require that players cut a minimum number of cards from the top or bottom (e.g., 10 cards). Players who are able to track shuffles can influence the game by placing the cut card in a more favorable position. Other sophisticated card location techniques also exist. See shuffle tracking. 2) As in cutting the checks. When the dealer runs his finger across two stacks of checks to verify they are the same.
[?? Gordon The ‘Two-Card Drop’… C&S Vol.21,23]]
[9/84 Master Take a Good CUT BJF 7]

cut card. Also called shuffle card.  A solid piece of plastic (typical), the size of a regular playing card, that is inserted into the deck or shoe to determine the point at which the cards will be shuffled. Use of a cut card in a game is known as a fixed shuffle point. In home games the cut card is often the joker. See cut.

cut card effect. The cut card adds hands when the deck is lean in tens. In other words, when a cut card is used, the number of hands dealt when the true count is high is reduced.   Similarly, the number of hands dealt is increased when the true count is negative.  This effect is minor if you are card counting but most pronounced in single deck if you are only using basic strategy.
[ https://www.blackjackincolor.com/blackjackeffects1.htm ]
[ https://www.blackjackinfo.com/community/threads/the-cut-card-effect.16954/ ]
[ https://www.qfit.com/card-counting-cce.htm ]

cutoffs. As in tracking the cutoffs. The unplayed cards at the shuffle point and behind the cut card.

CV. Acronym for Norm Wattenberger’s blackjack software program Casino Verite.   Software products include:

  • CVBASIC. Free practice software for blackjack basic strategy.
  • CVBJ. Practice play and drills.
  • CVBlueprint. Practice play and drills and companion software to Blackjack Blueprint by Rick Blaine.  Half the features of CVBJ.
  • CVDATA. Advanced simulations and strategy construction.
  • CVCX. High speed simulations and calculators.
  • CVSH. Shuffle tracking and ace prediction

https://www.qfit.com/ ]

CW. Acronym for cocktail waitress.
[ bj21.com Blackjack Glossary ]

Czech Team. From the Legends of Blackjack book: if you mention the Czech blackjack team, many old-time pit bosses still break out in a cold sweat. The remarkable exploits of the Czechs truly place them among the legends of blackjack.  See George Hascik.
[ http://www.kasino.cz/cesky-blackjack-tym/ ]
[ http://www.blackjackreview.com/wp/encyclopedia/books/#LegendsofBlackjack ]

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