Blackjack

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A Natural !blackjack. (BJ) 1) A common reference to the game of twenty-one – a card game played between a dealer and one to seven players. Also called vingt-et-un, pontoon, and van-john. 2) When the player’s first two cards are an ace and any ten valued card. Also called natural and snapper.   

In casino twenty-one a blackjack is an automatic winner unless tied by a dealer blackjack. Typical casino rules pay player blackjack wins at 3 to 2. (e.g., a $5 bet will win $7.50.) If a blackjack always wins but is paid at even money the basic strategy player is at a loss of about 2.1%. If paid at 2 to 1 the player has an advantage of about +2.3%.  The origins of the game of blackjack are somewhat uncertain but it is known to have been played in this country early in the eighteenth century. It is also said to have been the favorite game of Napoleon. Only in relatively recent years has it been called blackjack.  See Rules of the Game. See 6:5.
[ http://www.blackjackforumonline.com/content/history-of-blackjack.htm ]
http://www.blackjackreview.com/wp/historical-events/ ]
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackjack ]
[ 1875 American Hoyle ??? ]
[ 1938 Asbury Sucker’s Progress 49 ]
[ 1887 U.S.Playing Card Official Rules 228 ]

Translations for the word “blackjack”:  Deutsch (German): Schlagstock, schwarze Piratenflagge Français (French): matraque Español (Spanish): porra, cachiporra, veintiuna Italiano (Italian): sfollagente, gioco di carte Português (Portuguese): n. porrete (m), espécie (f) de carvalho (Quercus marilandica) (Bot.), vinte-e-um (m) (jogo de cartas) Nederlands (Dutch): wapenstok, zeeroversvlag, leren drinkkruik, eenentwintigen, afdwingen, met de wapenstok slaan Svenska (Swedish): n. blydagg (amer. gummibatong med blyklump)