Blackjack History – Legal


Event DateEvent Name

On this day in 1837, the Chamber of Deputies of France bans all games of chance.  All gambling clubs in the country close.


On this day in 1851, the New York State legislature enacts a law prohibiting gambling under penalty of imprisonment and fine.


On this day in 1872, the casinos of Germany operate for the last time, shutting down on order of the Prussian government.


On this day in 1905, Las Vegas officially was founded as a city.  Las Vegas was the driving force in the creation of Clark County, Nevada in 1909, and the city was incorporated in 1911 as a part of the county. (History of Las Vegas - Wikipedia)


On this day in 1930,  President Herbert Hoover signed the appropriation bill for the Boulder Dam. The dam was later renamed the Hoover Dam during the Truman administration.


On this day in 1931, Phil Tobin introduces Assembly Bill 98 in the Nevada legislature to allow licensed gambling on a variety of games. Cheating would be outlawed and minors forbidden in gambling houses.


On this day in 1931, the Nevada State Assembly passes a gambling legalization bill, 24 votes to 11.


On this day in 1931, Nevada Governor Fred Balzar signed into law Assembly Bill 98, legalizing casino gaming and most other forms of gambling, including faro, monte, roulette, keno, fan-tan, twenty-one, blackjack, seven-and-a-half, big injun, klondike, craps, stud poker, draw poker, or any card, dice, machine, at licensed establishments. Legal gambling age was set at 21.


On this day in 1931, the Las Vegas Mayor and commissioners pass an ordinance allowing gaming and operation of slot machines under city license.


On this day in 1931, Clark County, Nevada sets up a License Board to regulate gambling licenses.


On this day in 1931, the Pair-O-Dice Nite Club in Las Vegas was issued a gaming license.


On this day in 1943, limited gambling is legalized in Mexico.


On this day in 1948, Puerto Rico adopted Act #221, the Games of Chance Act, which allowed regulated casino gambling but disallowed advertising within Puerto Rico. (Wikipedia)


On this day in Havana, Cuba in 1961, Fidel Castro announces that casino gambling would henceforth by illegal. Castro died on November 26, 2016.


On this day in 1978, California voters approve Indian casinos by 63-37 margin.   Missouri voters approve riverboat casinos. Voters in Kenosha, Wisconsin vote 56% against a ban on casino gambling.


On this day in 1978, Florida voters reject by 73 percent to 27 a proposal to legalize casinos.


On this day in 1979,  Ken Uston introduced a proposal to the New Jersey Casino Control Commission entitled The Uston Plan for an Open Environment in New Jersey Gaming. [ Two Books on Blackjack by Ken Uston ]


On this day in 1979, and after the corporation was found guilty of allowing hidden control by criminal interest,  the  Aladdin Casino in Las Vegas was ordered closed by the Nevada Gaming Commission.     However, within a few hours the casino was reopened by a federal judge.  [ REFERENCE ]


On this day in 1982, the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled 5 to 0 that casinos could not bar card counters. [ NEW YORK TIMES ]


On this day in 1983, New Jersey became the first jurisdiction in the U.S. to create a rule prohibiting predictive devices.  However, this rule carried no criminal penalties.


On this day in 1985, Nevada Senate Bill 467 was introduced as the state's first device law.  This was apparently in response to the growing use of concealed blackjack computers in Nevada casinos.


On this day in 1985, Nevada passed an emergency measure that banned the use or possession of any "device" to predict outcomes or analyze probabilities or strategies.


On this day in 1985, Nevada passed a law (NRS 465.075)  that prohibited using devices to analyze or predict casino games. 


On this day in 1991, in Iowa, riverboat gambling is legalized, as the Diamond Lady is launched. Maiden voyage of Casino Belle from Dubuque, Iowa on the Mississippi River.


On this day in 1993, Strategic Investments, a limited partnership between Bill Kaplan, J. P. Massar and John Chang was dissolved.  This MIT Blackjack Team group grew to nearly 80 players in 1993.


On this day in 1994, Tommy Hyland's team members were arrested at the interim Casino Windsor in Canada for using their brains while playing blackjack.


On this day in 1995, a Superior Court jury in Camden, NJ awarded $475,500 to blackjack player Anthony Campione as compensatory damages to be paid by the TropWorld Casino in Atlantic City.


On this day in 1995, a Superior Court jury in Camden, NJ awarded $1,000,000 to blackjack player Anthony Campione in punitive damages to be paid by the TropWorld Casino in Atlantic City.


On this day in 1997, US Senator Jon Kyl introduced the first Internet Gambling Prohibition Act.   This bill was defeated , however, in 2006, a new version called the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act would finally be passed.


On this day in 1998, the US Senate votes 90 to 10 to make gambling on the Internet illegal.  The Internet Gambling Prohibition Act of 1998 (IGPA 98) sought to expand the scope of the Wire Act to include non-sports betting and to prohibit using the Internet to place bets or assist in the placing of bets. [ Betting on Prohibition ]


On this day in 2000, the Nevada Supreme Court ruled in favor of a card counter and ordered the return of $40,400 in winnings.  These winnings were seized by the Monte Carlo Casino in 1997, when it was discovered that he had used a false ID.


In April of 2000,  Michael Russo and James Grosjean  were arrested and detained at Caesars Palace on grounds they were cheating.  They would file a defamation lawsuit against Griffin Investigations  claiming that they had been improperly detained, labeled as cheaters and arrested, on the basis of information supplied by Griffin. [ See 9/13/2005 ]


On this day in 2000, Missouri enacted a law that prohibited barring for counting cards at blackjack. [ ]


On this day in 2000, Missouri outlawed barrings but allowed certain countermeasures to minimize the advantage counters get.


On this day in 2004, Las Vegas' iconic Binion's Horseshoe Hotel and Casino was sold to Harrahs.  Many a card counter will have fond (and not so fond) memories of the Horseshoe.


On this day (or about) in 2004, John Allen (aka "adhoc") successfully sued the Reno El Dorado Casino, claiming the casino had used a device called MindPlay to alter the odds of a blackjack game against him. [ Las Vegas Sun ]


On this day in 2005, the Las Vegas Sun reported that Griffin Investigations had filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.  This was after a successful defamation lawsuit brought on by Michael Russo and James Grosjean, who claimed they had been improperly detained, labeled as cheaters and arrested, on the basis of information supplied by Griffin.


On this day in 2006, the state of Washington made it a "felony" to gamble or play poker on the Internet.


On this day in 2006, the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act (UIGEA) was signed into law by President George W. Bush.


On this day in 2007, new law in the United Kingdom allowed for the creation of licensed Internet casinos located in the country.


On this day in 2009, governor Charlie Crist signed a gambling pact with the Florida Seminole tribe, lasting 20 years, to allow legal slot machines and blackjack at their 7 casinos. [ The Economist Sept 5, 2009 ]


On this day in 2010, Florida finally allowed "no-limit" gambling in all 23 poker rooms across the state.


On this day in 2010, the New Jersey Senate passed a bill (490) to allow limited Internet wagering.  The bill would allow casino licensees to offer online versions of all games authorized under the New Jersey Casino Control Act, including blackjack.


On this day in 2013, the Nevada State Legislature approved Assembly Bill #114, allowing the state to enter into pacts with other states to offer Internet-based poker, among other items.


On this day in 2014, two skilled players at the Virgin River Casino in Mesquite were awarded $200,000 for a 15 minute false imprisonment.


On this day in 2015, the Hard Rock Casino in Las Vegas confiscated winnings, hand-cuffed, back-roomed and physically searched (without his will) Thom-Matthew Kho.  Card counter Kho sued the casino and was represented by Robert Nersesian.


On this day in 2016, Japan passed a bill to legalize casino gambling in the country.


On this day in 2016, Japan officially legalized casino gambling in the country.  However, casinos are not expected to open until 2021.


On this day in 2017, the Pennsylvania House passed a bill that legalized online gambling.  Governor Tom Wolf signed the bill into law on October 30, 2017.


On this day (approx) in 2022, the Blackjack Hall of Fame became a 501c3 non-profit corporation.

Understanding your legal rights in casinos with Bob Nersesian

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