By Ron Sweeny.
The United States has an extremely diverse gambling scene and related legislation. For the time being, gambling and betting are completely banned in only two federal states: Hawaii and Utah. Nevertheless, each state has its own rules and regulations, some of which come as a surprise in a generally liberal economy, which the US definitely is.
In this article, we’ll cover some of these phenomena, with the main accent on different regulations regarding blackjack, cardrooms, and poker regulations in the US.
How Do Cardrooms and Casinos Differ?
Tribal and commercial casinos typically offer a smorgasbord of gambling games, from slot machines and roulette to card games, such as poker and blackjack.
In cardrooms, on the other hand, players can’t play video poker or try their luck on slot machines. Still, they can take part in the cardroom variants of some card games – e.g., pai gow, baccarat, and blackjack.
What’s unique about these games in this context is that players can play against other players, not against the house – that’s why some states allow cardrooms but not casinos.
Poker vs. Blackjack: The In-Game Differences
Both blackjack and poker are popular gambling games, gladly played by people around the world (the US included).
The main difference is that blackjack is a game predominantly based on chance, in which players bet against the house. As the game edge is such that the casino typically expects to earn more than players, blackjack is more likely to attract adrenaline-seekers.
Poker, on the other hand, is a combination of skill and luck. While you don’t know what cards you’ll get, you can master the tactics, learn how to read other players, and become a better player from sheer expertise. The casino takes its share of every pot, but players generally play against one another.
This feeling of rivalry and competition attracts a somewhat different kind of people – the ones who are more into sports competitions than testing their luck. Regardless of the state you’re in, it’s smart to always check the local poker scene and regulations around it before you sit down at the table. Because the table may be real, but it doesn’t have to be legally installed.
Poker and Blackjack in California, Texas, and New York
To illustrate how cardroom, poker, and casino regulations differ from state to state, let’s see how things are going in California, Texas, and New York, as the most populous states (the first two) and most relevant business hub (NY).
In California, for instance, an authentic cardroom scene has been developed in the last few decades. Originating from the 19th-century saloon games and rules, the cardrooms in the Golden State provide players a chance to play against other players, against the house, or find themselves in the role of a dealer. This kind of role-playing makes Californian cardrooms more competitive than their counterparts in some other parts of the US. Also, such places are just perfect for people who don’t prefer casinos for some reason but enjoy playing card games or trying their luck.
The Texas poker legislation, on the other hand, is somewhat gray. While traditional gambling is prohibited – except for tribal casinos – the law provisions on poker in Texas are a matter of heated debate between the owners of poker clubs, the representatives of tribal casinos, and the state authorities.
New York Casino and Poker Specifics
The State of New York doesn’t allow commercial casinos, except for those operated on tribal land. However, all the registered poker rooms are not outside the law, meaning you can play all poker variations freely in the Empire State. In this sense, blackjack is typically played in casinos, rather than in New York cardrooms.
But be aware that the tide is turning: the recently adopted legal documents prescribed three license slots for the first-ever commercial, non-tribal casinos on the soil of the State of New York. Even though the rules are pretty strict, we can expect soon that these licenses will be assigned to the companies that meet those requirements. The 23 million inhabitants of this federal state are a strong reason for the relevant parties to submit all the requested documentation. Once those licenses have been distributed, players will have many options, from head-to-head poker rooms to blackjack rooms in new commercial casinos.
IMAGE CREDIT: Pixabay.com